Authors must verify references against the original documents before submitting their article. These should be numbered with Arabic numbers in the order in which they appear in the text and given in round parentheses. At the end of the article, the full list of references should follow the Vancouver style.
  • The names and initials of all authors should be given (unless there are more than six, when only the first six should be given, followed by et al).
  • References to an article in a periodical should include the authors’ names, title of the article in Italics and that of the journal abbreviated according to the style of Index Medicus, in Bold Italics, volume number, first and last page numbers, and year of publication in round parentheses (see the example below):

Davey AM, Krise KM, Sheets ED, Heikal AA, Molecular perspective of antigen-mediated mast cell signaling, J. Biol. Chem., 283, 7117-7127 (2008).

  • References to an article in a book should give the names of editors, place of publication, editor, and year (see the example below):

Stewart JM, The kinin system in inflammation, in: Proteases, Protease Inhibitors and Protease-Derived Peptides, Cheronis JC, Repine JE, eds, Birkhauser, Basel, 1993, pp 14-157.

  • References to an entire book should give the name(s) of the editor(s), title, year, and place of publication (see the example below):

Cowan WM, Jessell TM, and Zipursky SL (1997), Molecular and Cellular Approaches to Neural Development (New York: Oxford University Press).

  • In the text, reference numbers are given in round parentheses.
  • Information from manuscripts not yet in press, papers reported at meetings, or personal communications should be cited only in the text, not as a formal reference.

Authors should get permission from the source to cite personal communications.

Electronic citations

If you know the web addresses (URLs) of other websites that may interest potential readers of your article, please include them in the relevant places in the text of your manuscript.